2019-06-12 20:35:48 | 来源：壹企问 | 阅读：1218
AI Made in Germany-The German Strategy for Artificial Intelligence
In November 2018, the German government published its strategy for artificial intelligence (full document as PDF). The following is a summary of the 12 fields of action and 14 goals proposed.
The strategy consists of 12 fields of action
1.Strengthen research in Germany and Europe to be a driver of innovation
This is to be achieved by establishing a strong, dynamic, flexible, broadly and interdisciplinary AI ecosystem in Germany that is internationally competitive. Excellent research, the recruitment of first-class experts and the creation of an innovation-friendly environment are central to this.
2.Innovation competitions and European innovation clusters
Targeted AI competitions are intended to create freedom to stimulate disruptive ideas, to find new solutions, applications and business models, to initiate start-ups, to attract talent and to identify trends at an early stage and to receive multidisciplinary impulses from various directions.
3.Transfer to business, strengthen medium-sized businesses
The German government will focus on measures that will enable German companies of all sizes — from start-ups to SMEs to large corporations — not only to use AI applications, but also to develop them and integrate them into their business processes.
4.Fostering the founding of new businesses and leading them to success
The Federal Government will set new impulses for the stimulation of the start-up dynamics for AI-based business models and products. The key issue here is to improve access to venture capital as a whole, but also and especially in the growth phase, which is often particularly capital-intensive for AI-based business models. To this end, we will create specific incentives for investors and encourage and promote a significantly higher number of spin-offs from research.
5.World of work and labour market: shaping structural change
The use of artificial intelligence will fundamentally change the everyday working lives of many people. The Federal Government will support all employees in this change with a variety of measures based on a national continuing education strategy. We will promote, analyse, evaluate and critically accompany the use of AI, both in individual companies and through higher-level observatories, nationally and internationally.
6.Strengthening vocational training and attracting skilled labour/experts
The Federal Government will use all its possibilities to improve the framework conditions for AI in Germany and will also encourage and support the federal german states to do so. We need a broad public understanding of AI, especially among young people, and new content and ideas for initial, continuing and further training. Germany needs an even more attractive framework for research and teaching in order to attract and retain scientists and to create new chairs at universities.
7.Using AI for tasks reserved for the state and administrative tasks
The Federal Government will take a pioneering role by using AI in the administration and will offer faster, better and more efficient administrative services for the citizens.
8.Making data available and facilitating its use
With a variety of measures, the Federal Government will significantly increase the amount of usable, high-quality data in order to establish Germany as the world’s leading AI location without violating personal rights, the right to informational self-determination or other fundamental rights.
9.Adapting the regulatory framework
The Federal Government will review and, if necessary, adapt the legal framework for algorithm- and AI-based decisions, services and products to ensure effective protection against bias, discrimination, manipulation or other misuse.
Due to its national responsibility, the Federal Government will also work in cooperation with business representatives in the field of AI for standards and standard setting at national, European and international level through the national standards organizations DIN/DKE. This is not only about technical issues, but also about ethical ones.
11.National and international networking
Sooner or later, cross-sectional technologies such as AI will affect all areas of science, business, administration and the everyday lives of citizens. Development is global, which is why politics also has to think and act across borders. The Federal Government will therefore increasingly expand international cooperation and bilateral and multilateral cooperation in the field of AI.
12.Engaging in dialogue with society and continuing the development of the frame-work for policy action
In order to bring research, development and application of AI in Germany to a worldwide leading level, an educated and informed society is needed. This requires intensive social dialogues, participatory procedures and opportunities for everyone to participate in shaping the society. For this reason, the Federal Government will intensify the social dialogue and the education on artificial intelligence and transparently present and discuss both the opportunities of AI for each individual and the common good as well as possible risks and challenges.
The German Federal Government pursues 14 goals with its national AI strategy
1.“Artificial Intelligence (AI) made in Germany” is to become a globally recognized seal of quality.
2.Germany should expand its strong position in industry 4.0 and become a leader in AI applications in this area. The strong German midmarket should also benefit from AI applications.
3.Germany is to become an attractive location for the world’s brightest AI minds.
4.The focus should always be on the benefits of AI for citizens.
5.In Germany, data are to be used exclusively for the benefit of society, the environment, the economy and the state.
6.With a new infrastructure for real-time data transmission, the basis for new AI applications is to be created.
7.AI in Germany is to be accompanied by a high level of IT security.
8.AI research and use should be ethically and legally embedded in Germany.
9.A European response to data-based business models and new ways of data-based value creation is to be found that corresponds to our economic, value and social structure.
10.Also in the working world it should always be about AI for the benefit of all gainfully employed persons.
11.The potential of AI should make living and working areas safer, more efficient and more sustainable.
12.AI is intended to promote social participation, freedom of action and self-determination for citizens.
13.The potential of AI should be used for sustainable development and thus contribute to achieving the sustainability goals of Agenda 2030.
14.For AI applications, framework conditions are set that create and maintain diversity and guarantee the space offered for the development of cultural and media freedoms
14.在框架约束下，AI应用应该能够创造和维护（文化）多样性，并保证为文化和媒体的自由发展提供空间。 更多服务，搜索关注德国中文网公众号（德国中文网 ID:Germanycn_com），微信小程序和APP